Saturday, March 9, 2024
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Early Historic Pottery-North India and Tamil Nadu

Early Historic Pottery- North India and Tamil Nadu




Early historic pottery in India showcases a tapestry of cultural diversity and technological ingenuity that flourished in ancient times. The pottery of the Indus Valley Civilization, spanning from 2600 to 1900 BCE, reflects fine craftsmanship and distinctive shapes, with common motifs depicting animals, birds, fish, and geometric designs.


Painted Grey Ware, prevalent from 1200 to 600 BCE, derives its name from its characteristic grey color and often features black-painted designs, associated with early Indo-Aryan settlements.


The Northern Black Polished Ware, prevalent from 700 to 200 BCE, boasts a glossy black appearance and thin-walled structure, indicative of urban centers and elite consumption during the later Vedic and early Mauryan periods.


Megalithic pottery in South India, associated with burial sites, presents diverse styles such as black-and-red ware and black ware, reflecting regional variations and cultural practices. These pottery traditions offer valuable insights into the socio-economic and cultural landscapes of ancient India, continually enriching our understanding through ongoing archaeological research and discoveries.


Tamil Nadu

Archaeological collections from Alagankulam, Arikkamedu and Kodaikkanal occupy the major part of the section.


Alagankulam is an archaeological site located in the southern part of India, specifically in the state of Tamil Nadu. The site has been of interest to archaeologists due to its rich historical significance, particularly regarding the ancient civilization of the region. The archaeological evidence from Alagankulam covers a wide range of periods, including the prehistoric, early historic, and medieval periods. The site’s occupation and significance likely evolved over time, reflecting the changing dynamics of society and culture in the region.


Arikamedu was a prominent trading center during the ancient and medieval periods, with its peak activity dating from the 1st century BCE to the 2nd century CE. It served as a crucial hub for maritime trade, connecting India with various civilizations around the Indian Ocean, including the Roman Empire.


Triple Grooved Tile,   Early Historic Period       (Location: Alagankulam, Tamil Nadu)

The “Triple Grooved Tile” discovered in Alagankulam, Tamil Nadu, is an artifact that sheds light on the Early Historic Period of the region. Alagankulam, located in the southern part of Tamil Nadu, has been an area of archaeological interest due to its rich historical significance.

The presence of grooved tiles suggests a degree of sophistication in construction techniques during that era.

Black and Red Ware (BRW) is a type of pottery found in archaeological sites across the Indian subcontinent, particularly dating back to the Iron Age, roughly between 1500 BCE and 600 BCE. It is one of the most widespread and characteristic ceramic traditions of the Indian subcontinent during this period.